Japan is the destination of more than half of Vietnamese laborers going to work every year, currently has more than 200,000 trainees, the largest number of sending countries in this country.

At the Workshop on 50 years of diplomatic relations between Vietnam and Japan on August 25, Deputy Director of the Overseas Labor Administration Pham Viet Huong said that Vietnam is the leader among 15 countries sending interns to work in Japan. The number of trainees increased eightfold from 10,000 in 2013 to 82,700 in 2019. After three decades, Japan received a total of more than 400,000 Vietnamese interns.

In addition, there are 80,000 workers with special skills (who can work long-term in Japan with a better salary than interns), mainly from trainees transferred to; nearly 1,700 nursing and midwifery candidates; 65,000 technical workers, engineers, interpreters and thousands of poor district workers go to work under the JM Japan program. A total of more than 345,000 Vietnamese workers are working and living in Japan in 84 occupations by the end of 2022.

Ông Phạm Viết Hương, Cục phó Quản lý lao động ngoài nước (Bộ Lao động Thương binh và Xã hội) tại hội thảo ngày 25/8. Ảnh: Hồng Chiêu

Mr. Pham Viet Huong, Deputy Director of Overseas Labor Management (Ministry of Labour, Invalids and Social Affairs) at the workshop on August 25. Photo: Hong Chieu

Affirming the outstanding cooperation, Mr. Huong also said that the technical intern training program from 1992 until now has revealed many limitations. Specifically, workers only receive minimum wages, no bonuses, and no allowances like locals. Trainees are also not allowed to move to another place in case the job is not suitable or the employer treats them badly.

“The situation of workers fleeing from internships and illegal residence has decreased, but has not improved much,” Huong said, citing the reason in addition to selecting suitable candidates, but also because some unions Japan demands commissions… making labor burdensome. The working environment in many local businesses is not good, heavy work with low income; The yen depreciated sharply, forcing workers to go out to work against the regulations.

Mr. Watanabe Shige, Deputy Ambassador of Japan to Vietnam, said that the number of Vietnamese workers working in the country has increased tenfold in the past decade, the most of any country. “Vietnamese human resources are industrious, making great contributions to Japan’s economic and social development”, he emphasized, citing a survey by the Japan Trade Promotion Organization showing that Vietnam is one of the countries in the world. expand cooperation with Japanese enterprises that want to invest in.

Lớp đào tạo lao động đi làm việc tại Nhật Bản ở Hà Nội, tháng 5/2023. Ảnh: Ngọc Thành

Training class for laborers to work in Japan in Hanoi, May 2023. Photo: Ngoc Thanh

Increasing cooperation to better protect workers, the two countries’ authorities have handled and revoked a series of licenses of enterprises that violate regulations, including 4 companies that have been suspended from dispatching due to the percentage of trainees. high escape.

The Vietnamese side asked Japan to improve its trainee admission programs and skilled labor programs and re-evaluate the program for receiving elderly care nurses. In addition, the Japanese side is considering expanding the industry to receive interns in the field of restaurant service, hotel, urban railway and high-speed train maintenance, construction and underground construction…

Vietnam – Japan established official diplomatic relations in 1973. Vietnam started sending laborers to work in Japan in 1992, 3-5 years with average income currently reaching 1,200- $1,400 per month.

The whole country has more than 600,000 employees working in 50 countries and territories, each year transferring nearly 4 billion USD in foreign currency through official channels, not to mention other channels. In which, Japan, Korea, and Taiwan are still traditional markets attracting over 90% of Vietnamese workers.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Source: Vnexpress

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